3 tbsp. flour = 1 oz.
3 1/2- 4 c. flour = 1 lb.
4 3/4 c. cake flour = 1 lb.
2 c. granulated sugar = 1 lb.
2 1/4 c. packed brown sugar = 1 lb.
4 c. confectioner’s (powdered) sugar = 1 lb. (approx.)
2 tbsp. butter = 1 oz.
1 stick butter ( 1/2 c.) = 4 oz.
4 sticks butter (2 c.) = 1 lb.

4 extra lg. eggs = 1 c.
5 lg. eggs = 1 c.
6 med. eggs = 1 c.
7 sm. eggs = 1 c.
8-10 egg whites = 1 c.
12-14 egg yolks = 1 c.

1 square unsweetened chocolate = 1 oz.
4 ounces American or Cheddar cheese = 1 c. shredded
1 pkg. active dry yeast = 1 tbsp.
1 c. unwhipped whipping cream = 2-2 1/2 c. whipped
1 lb. walnuts in shell = 2 c. shelled
1/4 lb. chopped walnuts = 1 c.

1 c. (1/2 lb.) uncooked rice = 3 c. cooked (approx.)
1 c. uncooked macaroni = 2 c. cooked
4 oz. uncooked spaghetti = 2 1/2 c. cooked
4 oz. uncooked noodles = 2 1/4 c. cooked

28 saltine crackers = 1 c. fine crumbs
1 slice bread = 1/4 c. fine, dry crumbs or 1/2 c. soft crumbs
22 vanilla wafers = 1 c. fine crumbs
12 graham crackers = 1 c. fine crumbs

Jucie of 1 lemon = 3 tbsp.
Juice of 1 orange = 1/3 c.
Grated peel of 1 lemon (zest) = 1 tsp.
Grated peel of 1 orange (zest) = 2 tsp.
1 med. apple, chopped = 1 c.
1 med. onion, chopped = 1/2 c.
2 stalks celery, chopped = 1 c.
3-4 med. potatoes = 1 lb.