A peak at the northern end of the Misty Mountains and the place where the dwarf Durin, father of the Longbeards was said to have awoken.

Mount Gundabad was revered by the Dwarves but fiercely contested by Orcs through the ages and taken by them several times. They occupied it after the destruction of Eregion in the Second Age and were definitely there during the War of the Dwarves and Orcs, after which they were driven out c3A 2799. By the time of the Quest of Erebor Gundabad was again occupied by Orcs (Goblins) and it was there that they assembled before the Battle of Five Armies.

It is possible that Mount Gundabad is the stronghold named Mount Gram in The Hobbit. Gram is an Old English word for ‘trouble’ whereas Gundabad is Khuzdul in origin and would only have been called that by Dwarves.
Encyclopedia entry originally written by cirdaneth