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Post Quenya grammar: Stem forms, irregular verbs etc.
on: March 01, 2015 08:12
This thread is a supplement to the Quenya workbook and it's intended for various kinds of grammar help, such as lists of irregular verb forms, nouns with stem forms etc.

Please do not use this thread for questions or discussion.
dirk_math
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Post Quenya irregular verbs
on: March 01, 2015 08:17
anta- “give”, pa.t. antanë or ánë, perfect ánië
av- “depart” pa.t. ambë
caita- “lie” pa.t. cainë
capta- “startle” pa.t. cápë
carpa- “talk, speak, use tongue” pa.t. carampë
caw- “bow” pa.t. canwë
ces- (Þ) “to search (for something), to examine (something) in order to find (something)” pa.t. cense (Þ)
fanta- “veil, cloak” pa.t. fánë, perfect afánië
fir- “die, fade” augmentless perfect fírië, translated “she has breathed forth”
fum- “sleep” pa.t. fúmë or fumbë
har- “sit, stay” pa.t. handë
hlar- “hear” pa.t. hlassë
húta- “curse”, pa.t. huntë or huntanë.
hyar- “cleave” pa.t. hyandë
lelya- “go” pa.t. lendë
lenna- “go to” pa.t. lendë
lesta- “leave” pa.t. lendë
map/mapa- “seize, take” pa.t. nampë
mapta- “ravish, rape” pa.t. mapantë
miqu- “kiss” pa.t. minquë
mul- “grind” pa.t. múlë
nem- “sew” pa.t. némë
nicu- “be chill, cold (of weather); to snow, it is cold, it freezes” 3rd sg. aorist niquë “it snows or freezes”, present níqua “it is freezing”, pa.t. nicunë “it snowed, froze”
nir- “press, thrust, force (in a given direction)” pa.t. nindë
onta- “beget, create” pa.t. ónë or ontanë
orta- “raise, lift up” pa.t. ortanë or orontë (trans.)
orya- “rise” pa.t. oronyë
pal- “shake”, pa.t. pallë
perper- “suffer great anguish”, “endure to end”, pa.t. perpérë
pir- “spin, turn” (apparently intransitive) pa.t. pírë
poita- “cleanse”, pa.t. poinë
quama- “vomit; be sick”, pa.t. quámë
quir- “stir, make spin” pa.t. quindë
raita- “catch in a net” pa.t. raitanë
raita- “smile”, pa.t. rëantë
rer- “sow” pa.t. rendë
saca- “pursue, look for, search” pa.t. sácë
sam- “have” pa.t. sámë
sap-/sapa- “dig”, pa.t. sampë
ser- “rest” pa.t. sendë
siqu- “sigh” pa.t. síque
sov- “wash” pa.t. sóvë
tala- “bring”, also intransitive “weigh”; pa.t. tallë
tëa “indicate” (evidently a present-tense stem) pa.t. tengë
tenya- “arrive” pa.t. tennë
tunta- “see, notice, perceive”, pa.t. túne
tyasta- “put to the test”, pa.t. tyasantë
tyav- “taste” pa.t. tyávë
vinta- “fade”, pa.t. vintë, vintanë
virya- “change, alter(nate)” (intransitive), pa.t. virnë/virinyë
vista- “change” (transitive), pa.t. vistanë,
yam-/yama- “shout” pa.t. yámë
yéta- “look at” pa.t. yentë
yor- “enclose, set bounds to/about” pa.t. yórë, yondë, perfect oiórië


[Edited on 02/16/2015 by dirk_math]
Yassë engë lómë, anarties calali.
dirk_math
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Post Irregular plurals
on: March 01, 2015 08:18
Nouns with irregular plural: hína, híni “child”, onóna, onóni “twin”

Nouns in -ë with plural in -er:

    essë “name” (essi is also valid)
    fintalë “trick”
    ingwë “chieftain” (ingwi is also valid)
    mallë “street”
    rotsë “pipe”
    tyávë “taste”
    vendë “maiden” (vendi is also valid)


All genitive plurals of these words however end in –eron: esseron, malleron, …

[Edited on 02/16/2015 by dirk_math]
Yassë engë lómë, anarties calali.
dirk_math
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Posts: 610
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Post Nouns (and adjectives) with stem forms
on: March 01, 2015 08:19
acas “neck” ax-
ainas “hallow, fane” ainass-
airë “holy” airi- (adj.)
alas “marble” alast-
ambar “fate, doom” ambart-
ambos “chest” ambost-
amil “mother” amill-
amun “hill” amund-
anan “doom” anam-
andon “great gate” andond-
ango “snake” angu-, plural angwi
aranel “princess” aranell-
aranus “kingship” aranuss-
árë “day” ári-
caimasan, caimasamb- (all kinds of rooms)
calarus “polished copper” calarust-
car “house, building” card-
carnë “red” carni- (adj.)
cas/cár “head” car-
cén “soil, earth” cem-
coron “globe, ball” corn-
cos “quarrel, dispute” cost-
curo “skillfull device” curu-
ehtë “spear” ehti-
eques “saying” equess-
falas “shore, beach” falass-
fas “tassel” fats-
fen “reed” feng-
feren “beech tree” fern-
filit “small bird” filic-, poss. filiqua
fimbë “slender” fimbi- (adj.)
finë “hair” fini-
fion “hawk” fiond-
fortë “northern” forti- (adj.)
halatir “kingfisher” halatirn-
haran “chief (possessor?, owner?)” harn-
hen “eye” hend-
hir “entrails, bowels” hird-
hísë “mist” hísi-
hlas “ear” hlar-
hlón “sound” hlon-
huan “hound” hún-
hwan “sponge” hwand-
indis “wife” indiss-
inwis “change of mind, mood” inwiss-/inwist-
lairus “verdigris” lairust-
laman “animal” lamn-
lanco “throat” langu-, plural langwi or lanco-, plural lanqui
lanë “hem” lani-
lanwë “ebb-tide” lanwi-
lepetas “index finger” lepetass-
lepincë “little finger” lepinci-
lepsë “finger” lepsi-
lico “wax” licu-
limbë “quick, swift” limbi- (adj.)
limë “link” limi-
lingwë “fish” lingwi-
lírë “song” líri-
lís “honey” liss- (the adjective lissë “sweet” has a different nominative)
lómë “night” lómi-
luinë/lúnë “blue” luini-/lúni- (adj.)
luinincë “bluish” luininci- (adj.)
luxo “mud” luxu-
maitë “handy, skillful” maiti- (adj.)
malo “moth” malu-, plural malwi
málimë “wrist” málimi-
mar “home, dwelling” mard-
martan “dwelling house” martam-
mat “meal” matt-
meren “feast, festival” merend-
miquelis “(sweet) kiss” miqueliss-
miril “shining jewel” mirill-
moalin “sheepfold” moalind-
morë “black” mori- (adj.)
nan “woodland” nand-
nelet “tooth” nelc-, poss. nelequa
neltil “triangle” neltild-
nén “water” nen-
nengwë “nose” nengwi-
nér “man” ner-
nercë “little man” nerci-
nesë “female (person)” nesi-
nettë “girl, daughter” netti-
nimpë “frail” nimpi- (adj.)
nincë “small” ninci- (adj.)
nindë “slender” nindi- (adj.)
ninquë “white” ninqui- (adj.)
niquetil “snow peak” niquetild-
niquis “snowflake, frost pattern” niquits-/niquiss-
nís “woman” niss-
nítë “moist, dewy” níti- (adj.)
“idea” now-
noirë “tomb” noiri-
nór “land (i.e. not water or sea)” nor-
nortil “cape (land in the sea)” nortill-
nur “complaint” nurr-
nútil “toe (children’s term)” nútill-
nyelet “nail” nyelex-
oaris “mermaid” oarits-
olos “dream” olor-
olwen “branch, stick, wand” olwenn-
óman “vowel” omand-
orco “Orc” orco-/orcu-, plural orcor/orqui
orë “grain” ori-
oromar “hall” oromard-
oron “mountain” oront-
ortil “finger (children’s term)” ortill-
os “cottage” ost-
peltas “pivot” peltax-
perian “hobbit” periand-
pilin “arrow” pilind-
polë “grist, meal” poli-
pontë “back, rear” ponti-
porë “flour, meal” pori-
quelet “corpse” quelets-
quén “person” quen-
queren “pivot” querend-
“lion” ráv-
ran “noise” ram-
ranco “arm” rancu-, plural ranqui
riel “garlanded maiden” riell-
rincë “flourish, quick stroke” rinci-
rusco “fox” ruscu-, plural rusqui
samin “silk” samind-
sandastan “shield-barrier” sandastam-
sánë “pine” sáni-
sar “pebble” sard-
seler “sister” sell-
sindë “grey” sindi- (adj.)
sistë “ulcer” sisti-
soron “eagle” sorn-
súlë “spirit, breath” súli-
súlo “goblet” súlu-, plural sulwi
sundo “base, root” sundu-
súrë “wind” súri-
tál “foot” tal-
talan “floor” talam-
tallunë “sole (of foot)” talluni-
taltil “toe” taltill-
tamin “forge” taminn-
tarhil “dúnedain” tarhild-
táris “queenship” táriss-
telco “stem” telcu-, plural telqui
tirion “watchtower” tiriond-
tirios “walled town” tiriost-
tiris “watch, vigil” tiriss-
tol “island” toll-
toron “brother” torn-
tulco “support, prop” tulcu-, plural tulqui
tumbo “(deep) valley” tumbu-
tumpo “hump” tumpu-
turcil “Númenorean” turcild-
túrion “palace” túriond-
tyel “end” tyeld-
ulban “monster” ulband- (in tengwar this is written as l+mb with a silent m)
ulco “evil (one)” ulcu-, plural ulqui
urco “feared (one)” urcu-, plural urqui
urus “copper” urust-
varnë “brown, swart” varni- (adj.)
vindë < windë “blue grey, pale blue” vindi- (adj.)
wilwarin “butterfly” wilwarind-
winë “baby” wini-
wingil “nymph” wingild-
yár “blood” yar-
yat “neck” yaht-


[Edited on 02/16/2015 by dirk_math]
Yassë engë lómë, anarties calali.
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